The Cannabis, Cannabis or Marijuana is a plant of the Himalayas, which is currently distributed around the globe. We, humans, have used it for many years as a medicinal and recreational plant; At the beginning of the 20th century, it was classified as a drug and banned in many countries due to its psychotropic effects.
Cannabis Sativa provides psychological and physiological effects in our body, due to the 400 cannabinoids present in the plant, including THC, which is the most psychoactive of all.
Origin of Cannabis
Cannabis is used in Asia, for millennia, in China, there is evidence of medicinal uses in texts of 2000 years BC. As there are also numerous garments and utensils made with hemp fibers from remote times; so the use of this plant is very old.
Its cultivation and properties spread throughout the world, in the nineteenth century, it was an important raw material for its fibers, it had textile and paper-making uses, being a direct competition of cotton and wood pulp.
Uses of Cannabis
Cannabis Sativa, when it has low proportions of THC, which is the component that causes psychotropic properties, is popularly called hemp.
These varieties are used for more industrial purposes, thanks to the characteristics of the plant itself, such as its long and resistant fibers, the ability to grow quickly and in all types of soils; as well as its high resistance to pests and diseases.
Industrial and commercial uses
Hemp fiber is used both for making clothes and basketry and for making paper.
Between the textile uses, we will find from diapers to bags of design. Its use has several advantages, since its cultivation is simpler and more sustainable than cotton, for example, and its fibers are of better quality. Most objects made with hemp fibers come from organic or organic crops.
Currently, other uses have been discovered for hemp, as a construction material, it is an excellent thermal and acoustic insulator. And as biomass, for the manufacture of biofuels. Since from hemp can be produced ethanol and biodiesel alike, with excellent performance.
Medicinal uses of Cannabis
At present, there are already hundreds of studies that speak of the medicinal virtues of this plant, properties that give it more than 400 cannabinoids including the famous THC.
One of the most studied cannabinoids and which has surprising effects in patients with seizures and epileptic symptoms is CBD also CBD suppresses many of the undesired effects of THC, so varieties with high CBD content are safe to use for patients even minors.
Our body, like other mammals, creates its own cannabinoids that are part of the so-called Endocannabinoid System, which fulfills important regulatory functions of our organism.
The phytocannabinoids produced by cannabis plants have a structure similar or similar to our own cannabinoids and that is why they can be used to affect and enhance this endocannabinoid system.
Among the most outstanding uses of Cannabis Sativa in medicine we can highlight:
- Reduction of nausea and vomiting
- Pain relief
- Reduction of anxiety
- Sleep regulation
- Increase in appetite
- Reduction of inflammation
- Increase in muscle tone and help in motor function
Treatment of spasms and convulsions
That is why it is recommended for a number of conditions from cancer to Parkinson's disease. The medicinal use of cannabis produces solutions and improves the quality of life of many people.
Providing quality of life to sick people, condemned to simply survive and today can lead full lives thanks to cannabis.
Almost from the same time that it began to be used as a medicine and as a source of vegetable fibers; We also started to use these varieties as recreational drugs, commonly we call them Marijuana.
The Cannabis or Marijuana contains THC and this cannabinoid has the particularity of creating a state of temporary euphoria, in addition to auditory and visual hallucinations.
This varies according to the person and the variety since many marijuana plants also have cannabidiol or CBD and this other substance attenuates the undesired effects of THC such as hallucinations.
Due to these uses at the beginning of the 20th century, its use was outlawed in several countries, which later became generalized on a large scale.
Cultivation of Cannabis Sativa.
As mentioned above, it is an easily cultivated plant, with rapid growth and little requirements. It can be grown outdoors and indoors, although it is a plant heavily laden with oils and gives off strong aromas, which is why it should be taken into account when growing indoors.
It can be grown directly in the soil and in pots, like loose soil with good drainage and rich in plant material such as hummus.
The most important thing for growth is the sun, it is a plant that likes and needs sun so it is usually grown in the summer.
Nowadays, due to the popularization of indoor cultivation, a lot of technologies have been created associated with indoor cultivation techniques controlling from the water supply to the daylight hours.
Adverse Effects of Cannabis Use (Marijuana)
The habitual consumption of Marijuana can have adverse effects, although this depends on the person and the form of consumption to a great extent.
Among the effects are:
Increase in appetite
Problems with short-term memory.
Pulmonary or cardiovascular problems.
The problem of addiction or drug addiction.
The increase of appetite, while they may come great for the treatment of certain diseases in a healthy person, can be a problem that negatively influences their health.
The problems of memory are well studied and documented in people with periods of long-term use, although these problems would cease when they stop using.
Pulmonary or cardiovascular problems are related to the CO2 emissions we ingest when smoking marijuana; Nowadays there are other consumption options that do not present these risks and free us from the CO2 load.
The addiction is very minor compared to tobacco or alcohol but if that can happen, and become a serious problem.
Legality of Cannabis
In the 21st century, many countries have begun to legislate on the uses of cannabis, in many countries the medicinal use of cannabis is legal, given its importance in the treatment of many diseases.
Also in many countries, the industrial uses of the Cañamo have been legalized and it is possible to cultivate the same for the purposes of raw materials for various processes.
The situation in America
In North America, several states have legalized the medicinal use of marijuana and many have decriminalized possession and self-cultivation.
In South America, there are already several countries like Chile or Argentina that have legalized medicinal uses, and Uruguay has been the first country in the world to fully legalize all uses of cannabis, but with strong control by the state.
The situation in Europe
In Europe we find a varied panorama; Holland continues with its lawlessness, it is something very typical of the Dutch system, although there is no law as such if there is a legal and regulatory framework.
In countries like Italy and Spain, consumption, self-cultivation and medicinal use are allowed. Even in Spain, there are civil associations of consumers that allow the legal use of marijuana, but there is still no real law that offers a clear regulatory framework.
I hope that with this article it has become clearer to you what cannabis is and what its uses are; Any questions or questions do not hesitate to ask in the comments.