Actions

Policy area Nutri Actions at the EUSBRS Action Plan:

1. Managing nutrients more efficiently

Promote measures and practices which support nutrient recycling and reduce nutrient losses from agriculture, aquaculture, forestry, and waste-water treatment sludge, as well as contribute to reducing nutrients that have already reached the sea. Additional Rural Development measures could be used to advance nutrient recycling, reduce nutrient run-off and leaching, reduce erosion and increase the retention capacity in the landscape. Intensively used agricultural land and areas with high domestic animal density should be focused on first. This action will contribute to full implementation of and reinforce measures adopted under the Nitrates Directive and to reach or maintain GES of Marine Strategy Framework Directive and GEcS of Water Framework Directive, as well as to reaching compliance with EU limit values for air quality under Air Quality Plans in the case exceedances and with National Emission Ceilings (notably NH3 and PM). It will also promote the full implementation by farmers of these measures, by increasing support through extension services and better controls.

Flagships:

  • Baltic Deal - Putting best agricultural practices into work
  • BBG - Baltic Blue Growth

2. Improving waste water treatment

Promote cost-efficient nutrient removal and sustainable sludge handling in urban waste-water treatment plants and in small-scale waste-water treatment. Focusing on municipal waste water continues to be beneficial for two reasons: there is significant potential to reduce nutrient loads by proper treatment of waste water and by reducing occasional and seasonal bypasses; and improving waste-water treatment is still a cost-efficient means to reduce nutrient loads. Furthermore, the action promotes new innovative methods in waste water treatment to reduce nutrient loads to the sea and contribute to better collection and processing of the end waste.

Flagships:

  • PRESTO - Project on Reduction of the Eutrophication of the Baltic Sea Today
  • Project BEST - Better efficiency for sewage treatment
  • BaRuWa - Baltic Rural Wastewater
  • SUWMAB - Sustainable communal waste-water management in the Baltic Sea Region
  • NutriTrade - Nutrient Trading Scheme
  • SmallWWTPs - Enhancing efficiency of small wastwater treatment plants

3. Facilitate cross-sectoral policy-oriented dialogue

Facilitate cross-sectoral policy-oriented dialogue among all sectors with an impact on eutrophication to develop an integrated approach to reducing nutrient loads to the sea. Supporting communication between actors can help align the different perceptions of eutrophication and find new ways for the integrated management of nutrient fluxes. For example, currently the consumption side is rarely addressed when discussing reduction of nutrient loads, even though changes in e.g. food consumption patterns and losses of nutrients as food waste could result in remarkable reductions in nutrient loads. Enhancing cross-sectoral dialogue requires co-operation with other policy areas, e.g. with policy area 'Bioeconomy' regarding agro-environmental dialogue and policy area 'Hazards' in reducing hazardous substances and nutrients. Possible platforms for dialogue include the HELCOM working groups, relevant back-to-bak meetings and conferences. In addition to international and national dialogue, local and e.g. river-basin level cooperation, such as water users' partnerships, is encouraged.
 
Flagships:

  • Baltic Deal - Putting best agricultural practices into work
  • SmallWWTPs - Enhancing efficiency of small wastwater treatment plants

4. Improve nutrient load data

Support efforts to improve the completeness and reliability of nutrient load data as a basis for monitoring success in reducing nutrient loads in joint coordination efforts.  Data collection processes are currently insufficient, which precludes a full understanding of the eutrophication situation in the Baltic Sea. HELCOM works to ensure that nutrient pollution assessments are harmonised across the region.

Flagships:

  • Assessment of regional nutrient pollution load and identification of priority projects to reduce nutrient inputs from Belarus to the Baltic Sea.

5. Cooperate with non-EU Member States

Cooperate with non-EU Member States, particularly Russia and Belarus, through HELCOM and the Northern Dimension Environmental Partnership.
 
Flagships:

  • Assessment of regional nutrient pollution load and identification of priority projects to reduce nutrient inputs from Belarus to the Baltic Sea.
  • PRESTO - Project on Reduction of the Eutrophication of the Baltic Sea Today
  • Project BEST - Better efficiency for sewage treatment
  • NutriTrade - Nutrient Trading Scheme

6. Investigate cost-efficient nutrient reduction mechanisms

Study and cooperate in developing new sustainable innovative economic frameworks as means to promote efficient sharing and allocation of costs of nutrient load reductions. These tools could include new mechanisms to allocate the cost of nutrient reduction to to different actors of sectors or among the Baltic Sea region countries in a fair and efficient way. This action also promotes restorative techniques, e.g. oxygenization, chemical precipitation, dredging and recycling nutrients in organic substrates at the sea, to improve the environmental status of the Baltic Sea, provided these techniques pass sustainability and risk assessment procedures.
 
Flagships:

  • BBG - Baltic Blue Growth
  • NutriTrade - Nutrient Trading Scheme

Attachments

PA Nutri Actions.jpg
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Ongoing Flagships

1.
Initiating full scale mussel farming in the Baltic Sea (Baltic Blue Growth)

2. Better Efficiency for Sewage Treatment (BEST)

3. Baltic Rural Wastewater (BaRuWa)

4.
Sustainable Municipal Wastewater Management: knowledge–based application and promotion of treatment wetlands in the Baltic Sea Region (SUWMAB)

5. Nutrient Offsetting for the Baltic Sea (NutriTrade)

6. Enhancing Efficiency of Small Wastewater Treatment Plants (SmallWWTPs)


7. Interactive Water Management (IWAMA)

8. Increasing Significance of Midfield Wetlands to Combat Baltic Sea Eutrophication (SIGWET)

9.
Sufficient and Reliable Nutrient Loading Data – The River Daugava Catchment Area (RelNutData)

10.
Consumer Guide for Sustainably Produced Meat (CONSUME)

Completed Flagships

1. Phasing Out of the Use of Phosphates in Detergents, finalized in 2011.
(EN and RU)

2. Putting Best Agricultural Practices into Work (Baltic Deal), 2010-2013.

3. Assessment of Regional Nutrient Pollution Load and Identification of Priority Projects to Reduce Nutrient Inputs from Belarus to the Baltic Sea, Nov 2012-Dec 2013.

4. Project on Reduction of the Eutrophication of the Baltic Sea Today (PRESTO), Jun 2011-Mar 2014.

Links



With the support of


Nutrient inputs

Networks: The EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region

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