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What is Nuclear?

I remember when I was young my mother had a very clever friend who was a scientist. This lady (Naomi), worked in Johannesburg on a project they called nuclear fusion. Nuclear fusion is a reaction in which two or more atomic nuclei (the centre point) collide at a very high speed and join to form a new nucleus (body). During this process the nuclei is converted to photons (energy). Uranium and Plutonium are used in the process. Fusion reactions are so strong that they can power the stars and produce virtually all elements in a process called nucleosynthesis. I remember Naomi telling me that it was a scary subject and that she wished not to discuss her job. Here is why 



Research into controlled fusion, with the aim of producing fusion power for the production of electricity, has been conducted for over 60 years. It has been accompanied by extreme scientific and technological difficulties, but has resulted in progress. At present, controlled fusion reactions have been unable to produce break-even (self-sustaining) controlled fusion reactions. Workable designs for a reactor that theoretically will deliver ten times more fusion energy than the amount needed to heat up plasma to required temperatures are in development. The ITER (see ITER) facility is expected to finish its construction phase in 2019. It will start commissioning the reactor that same year and initiate plasma experiments in 2020, but is not expected to begin full deuterium-tritium fusion until 2027. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuclear_fusion



According to the World Bank Sub-Saharan Africa Doesn’t need a lot of energy to make a Nuclear station viable. Africa’s per capita energy consumption is the lowest globally yet has an intensive energy need. Often falling far short of supply and demand. Nuclear is not building for now but for 20 years from now enough energy for the growing population.



This graph shows the reported percentage of nuclear use for the country over 10 years. What is interesting is that there are no figures from 2013 to 2015. This co-inside with the years we have been experiencing black-outs. Is there a management problem?



What exactly are we being offered and what does it look like?

 

OK so why is it so bad?

 

In this video Nuclear Energy Explained: Risk or Opportunity the risk is explained and knowing the tendency for corruption how sure are we that nuclear will benefit the country?




More reading

Nuclear in UAE

Africa’s Power Infrastructure Investment, Integration, Efficiency

Global Weekly: Potential impact of Iran nuclear agreement on energy markets

Health and Safety Aspects of Nuclear Power Plants

Heather Malcomess
13/6/2016


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